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2021年6月大学英语四级真题及答案第一套.pdf
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2021年6月四级真题(第1套)田;~固自糯PartIWriting星火英语App扫码获答题卡(30minutes)Directions:Forthispα付,youαreαllowed30minutestowriteαnessαytitled“Arepeoplebecomingaadictedtotechnology?”.Thestαtementg切mbelowisJoγyourT写ference.Youshouldω叫teatleast120woγ'dsbutnomorethan180words.Numerousstudiesclaimthatαddictiontotechnologyisrealαndithαsthesαme々ffectonthebr,αinαsdrugαddiction.PartIISectionAListeningComprehension(25minutes)Directions:Inthissectio饨,youwillhearthγ·eeηewsT叩orts.Attheendofeachnewsreport,youwillheαTtwooγthreequestions.Boththeηewsreportαndthequestionswillbespokenonlyonce.AfteryouheαTαquestio饨,youmustchoosethebestαnsw旷fromthefourchoicesmαrkedA),B),C)αndD).星火英语AppThenmarkthecorr,θspond切gletteronAnswerSheet1withαsingleline扫码获音频throughthecentre.回~回一'1,1咀~-咱7.一.--.回回耳刮EQuestions1and2缸ebasedonthenewsreportyouhavejustheard.1.A)EnrolhiminaNewcastlefootballclub.C)Forbidhimtodrawinhisworkbook.B)Sendhimtoanafter-schoolartclass.D)Helphimposthisdrawingsonline.2.A)ContactedJoetodecorateitsdining-room.B)HiredJoetopaintallthewallsofitsbuildings.C)Renovateditskitchenandallthedining-rooms.D)AskedJoeforperτnissiontousehisonlinedrawings.Questions3and4arebasedonthenewsreportyouhavejusthe町d.3.A)Getherpetdogback.C)Ident均rthesuspectonthesec山ityvideo.B)Begforhelpfrom也epolice.D)Postpicturesofherpetdogonsocialmedia.4.A)Itissufferingagreatdealfromtheincident.B)Itishelpingthepolicewiththeinvestigation.C)Itisbringing出ecasetothelocaldistrictcourt.D)Itisofferingabigrewardtoanyonewhohelps.Questions5to7arebasedonthenewsreportyouhavejusthe町d.5.A)Providefreemealstothelocalpoor.C)Helpeliminateclassdifferenceinhisarea.B)Helppeopleconnectwitheachother.D)Providecustomerswithfirst-classservice.6.A)Itdoesnotsuperviseitsemployees.C)Itdoesnotusevolunteers.B)Itdonatesregul町lytoalocalcharity.D)Itisopenroundtheclock.2021.6I1(第1套)


7.A)币1eyw四realisetheimp。此却1ceofcommunication.B)哑1eyw诅cometothecafeevenmore仕equently.C)咀1eyw诅carelessabout仕1eirownbackground.D)Theywillfindtheyhavesome吐白1gincommon.SectionBDirections:Inthissectio饨,youwillMαγ阳olongconversations.Attheendofeachconversation,youwillheαrfourquestions.Boththeconversationandthequestionsw讪bespokenonlyonce.AfteryouheαTαquestion,youmustchoosetheb臼tαnswerfromthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD).Thenmα.rkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheet1withαsinglelinethγoughthecentre.Questions8to11arebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheard.8.A)AS旧prisepartyforPaul’sbirthday.C)PreparationsforSaturday’sget-together.B)τ'ravelplansforthecomingweekend.D)Thenewmarketontheothersideoftown.9.A)Itmakesthehostess’sjobawholeloteasier.B)Itenablesgueststowalkaroundandchatfreely.C)Itsavesconsiderabletimeandlabor.D)Itrequiresfewertablesandchairs.10.A)Itofferssomebigdisco旧lts.B)Itisquiteclosetoherhouse.11.A)Cookadishforthep即句人B)Arrive10minutesearlier.C)Itismorespaciousandlesscrowded.D)Itsellslocalwinesandsoftdrinks.C)Prepareafewopeningremarks.D)Bringhiscomputerandspeakers.Questions12to15町ebasedontheconversationyouhavejusthe町d.12.A)Forcommutingtowork.C)Forge回ngaroundinMiami.B)Forlong-distancetravel.D)Forconvenienceatweekends.13.A)They町ereliable.C)Theyarespacious.B)哑1eyarecompact.D)哑1叮叮eeasyt。“ve.14.A)Buyasecond-handcar.C)Seekadvice仕omhis缸end.B)Trustherownjudgment.15.A)Hesellsnewcars.B)Hecanbetrusted.D)Lookaroundbeforedeciding.C)Heisstartingabusiness.D)Heisasuccessfulcardealer.SectionCDirections:Inthissection,youu现lhearth陀epassαges.Attheendofeac混passage,youw议theαTthr它eorfourquestions.Boththepassageandthequestionswillbespoken。”lyonce.Aft旷youhearαqu臼仇饵,youmustchoosethebestαnsw旷卉。mthefourchoic臼markedA),B),C)andD).ThenmαγkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheet1withαsinglelinethroughthecent陀.Questions16to18町ebasedonthepassageyouhavejusthe町d.16.A)Manyescaped仕omfarmsandbecamewild.B)TheywereactuallynativetoNorthAmerica.C)Manygotkilledin出ewildwhensearchingforfood.D)TheywerehuntedbySpanishandRussianexplorers.2021.6/2(第1套)


17.A)Theyoftenmakesuddenattacksonpeople.B)Theybreakupnature’sfoodsupplychain.C)Theycausemuchenvironmentalpollution.D)Theycarryagreatmanydiseases.18.A)Theylivedpeacefullywith辆吐ldpigs.B)Theyranoutoffoodcompletely.C)Theyfellvictimtoeagles.D)Theyreproducedquickly.Questions19to21arebasedonthepassageyouhavejusthe町d.19.A)Tastecoffeewhileinouterspace.C)Developanewstrainofcoffeebean.B)Roastcoffeebeansinouterspace.20.A)Theycane臼且ygetburned.B)Theyfloataroundintheoven.D)Useapressurisedtanktobrewcoffee.C)Theyhavetobeheatedto360℃.D)Theyreceiveevenlydistributedh削.21.A)Theychargedahighpricefor仕1eirspace-roastedcoffeebe缸lS.B)TheysetupabranchinDubaitomanufacturecoffeeroasters.C)Theycollaboratedonbuildingthefirstspacecoffeemachine.D)Theyabandonedthea抗empttoroastcoffeebeansinspace.Questions22to25盯ebasedon由epassageyouhavejustheard.22.A)Itis仕1ebesttimeforsightseeing.C)TheycometocleantheIditarodTrail.B)Aracepassesthroughitannually.D)Itiswhenthe叽llagerschooseaqueen.23.A)Itschildren’sbakingskills.C)Itstasty仕咀tpies.B)Itsuniquewinterscenery.D)Itsgreatfoodv缸iety.24.A)Thecontestants.C)JanNewtonandherfriends.B)Theentire叫llage.D)PeoplefromthestateofIdaho.25.A)SheownedarestaurantinIdaho.B)Shemarriedherhusbandin1972.C)ShewenttoAlaskatocompeteinarace.D)Shehelpedthe叫llagetobecomefamous.PartIDSectionADirections:Inthissectio饨,thereisαpαssα.gewithtenblanks.Youαγerequiredtoselectonewordforeachblαnkfromαlistofchoicesg仙m切αwordM侃followi叼仇epassage.Readthepassα.gethroughcαTφ1,Uybefoγ·emαkingyourchoices.Eachchoice切theM毗isidentifiedbyαletteγ.Pleasemαrkthecorrespondinglett旷foreachit侨nonAnswerSheet2withαsinglelinethroughthec佣的.Youmαynotuseα叼ofthewoγds切thebαnkmorethanonce.MostanimalsseekshadewhentemperaturesintheSaharaDesertsoarto120degreesFahrenheit.ButfortheSaharansilverant,_1§__fromtheirundergroundnestsintothesun’sbrutal即sto_JJ__forfood,吐usistheperfecttimetoseeklunch.In2015theseantswerejoinedinthedesertbyscientists仕omtwoBelgianuniversities,whospentamonthm由e28heattrackingtheantsanddiggingouttheirnests.Thegoalwassimple,todiscoverhowthe29adaptedtothekindofheatthatcan30meltthebottomofshoes.ReadingComprehension(40minutes}BackinBelgi田n,由escientistslookedattheantsunderanelectronicmicroscopeandfound出at由eir31,triangularhairreflectslightlikeap付sm(棱镜),givingthemameta血C陀flectionandprotecting址1em台。mthesun'sawfulheat.WhenPh.D.studentQuentinWillot32thehair仕omanant明白a33knifeandputitunderaheatlamp,出temperaturejumped.Theants'methodofsta抖且gcoolis34缸nonganimals.Couldthisreflective句rpeofhairprotect2021.6/3(第1套)


people?Willotsayscompaniesareinterestedin~thesem旬’methodofheatprotectionforhumaruse,includingeve叮址ling仕omhelpingtoprotectthelivesoffirefighterstokeepinghomescoolinsummer.A)adaptingB)consciouslyC)crawlingD)crowdedE)extremeF)huntG)literallyH)moderateI)remoteJ)removedK)speciesL)specimensM)thickN)tinyO)uniqueSectionBDirections:Inthissect切n,youα陀go悦。to何αdαpassage川thtenstα阳乱entsαttachedt刀it.Eachstatementcontainsiriformat切ng印ψniηoneoftheparagraphs./dent饰theparagrαphfromwhichthetηfo仰阳tionisd仰ived.YoumαychooseαpαT仰raphmo何仇αηonce.EachpαragraphisηM忱edwithαletter.Answerthequestions忡忡iarkingthecoγ陀spondingletteronAnswerSheet2.Thestartofhighschooldoesn’thavetobestress仇tlA)Thismonth,more由an4millionstudentsacross出enationw咀lbeginhighschool.Manywilldowell.Butmanywillnot.Consider出atnearly阳TO壮山dsofstudentswillexperience出e“nin出-gradeshock,”whichreferstoadramaticdropinastude时’sacademicperformance.Somestudentscopewi由吐出shockbyavoidingchallenges.Forinstance,由eymaydropdifficultcoursework.Othersmayexperienceahopelessnessthatresultsinfailing出eircoreclasses,suchasEnglish,scienceandmath.B)Thisshouldm瓜teragreatdealtop盯ents,teachersandpolic严nakers.Ultimatelyitshouldma忧ertothestudentsthemselvesandsocietyatlarge,becausestudents'experienceoftransitioning(过渡)totheninthgradecanhavelong-te口nconsequencesnotonlyforthestudentsthemselvesbutfortheirhomecommunities.Wemaketheseobservationsasresearchpsychologistswhohavestudiedhowschoolsandfamiliescanhelpyoungpeople仕回ve.C)Inthenewglobaleconomy,studentswhofailtofinish出eninthgradewithpassinggradesincollegepreparatorycourseworkareveryunlikelytograduateontimeandgoontogetjobs.Onestudyhascalculatedthatthelifetimebenefittothelocaleconomyforasingleadditionalstudentwhocompleteshighschoolishalfamilliondollarsormore.Thisisbasedonhigherearningsandavoidedcostsinhealthcar哩,crime,welfaredependenceandother吐lings.D)Theconsequencesofdoingpoorlyintheninthgradecanimpactmorethanstudents'ab且itytofindagoodjob.Itcanalsoimpacttheextenttowhichtheyenjoylife.Studentslosemanyofthe归endstheyturnedtoforsupportwhen出eymovefromtheeigh由tothenin由grade.Onestudyofninth­gradestudentsfound出.at50percentoffriendshipsamongninthgraderschanged仕·omonemonthtothenext,signalingstrikinginstabilityin仕iendships.E)Inaddition,studiesfindthefirstyearofhighschooltypicallyshowsoneofthegreatestincreasesindepressionofanyye缸overthelifespan.Resear℃hersthinkthatoneexplanationisthattiestofriendsarebrokenwhileacademicdemandsarerising.Furtherτnore,mostadultcasesofclinicaldepressionfirstemergemαdolescence(青春期).TheWorldHealthOrganizationreports出.at2021.6/4(第1套)


depressionhasthegreatestburdenofdiseaseworldwide,intermsofthetotalcostoftreatmentand仕1elossofproductivity.F)Givenall仕1at’sridingonhavingasuccessfulninthgradeexperience,让paystoexplorewhatcanbedonetomeettheacademic,socialandemotionalchallengesof吐1etransitiontohighschool.Sofar,ourstudieshaveyieldedonemaininsight:Students’beliefsaboutchange一出eirbeliefsaboutwhetherpeoplearestuckonewayforever,orwhetherpeoplecanchangetheirpersonalitiesandabilitiesarerelatedtotheir抽出tytocope,succeedacademicallyandmainta且goodmentalhealth.Pastresearchhascalledthesebeliefs“m切dsets(思维模式),”witha“缸edmindset”refeπingtothebeliefthatpeoplecannotch
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